Preserving Parks


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Brower, David, ed. The Sierra Club, a Handbook. San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1957.

Bunnell, Lafayette Houghton. Discovery of the Yosemite, and the Indian War of 1851, Which Led to That Event. Chicago: Fleming H. Revell, 1880.

Cowles, R.B. Desert Journal: A Naturalist Reflects on Arid California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Drury, Newton Bishop. Transmuting Science into Conservation; An Account of the Part Taken by Dr. John C. Merriam in Preserving the Redwoods of California. Washington, D.C., 1938.

Eccleston, Robert. The Mariposa Indian War, 1850-1851. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1957.

Gilliam, Ann, ed. Voices for the Earth: A Treasury of the Sierra Club Bulletin. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1979.

Gompertz, Helen M. "A Tramp to Mt. Lyell." Sierra Club Bulletin 1, no. 4 (May 1894): 136-43.

Hutchings, James M. In the Heart of the Sierras: Yo Semite Valley and the Big Tree Groves. Edited by P. Browning. Lafayette, CA: Great West Books, 1990.

Hutchings, James M. Scenes of Wonder and Curiosity in California, A Touristís Guide to the Yo-Semite Valley. New York and San Francisco: A. Roman and Company, Publishers, 1871.

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King, Thomas Starr. A Vacation Among the Sierras: Yosemite in 1860. Ed. J.A. Hussey. San Francisco: The Book Club of California, 1962.

Lewis, Oscar, ed. A Visit to the Yosemite Valley in 1872 by "H.H." [Helen Hunt Jackson]. San Francisco: The Book Club of California, 1971.

McPhee, John. The Control of Nature. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1989.

Muir, John. "A Brief Statement of the Hetch-Hetchy Question." Federation Courier 1, no. 2 (1909).

Muir, John. "Features of the Proposed Yosemite National Park." Century XL, no. 4 (1890): 663-67.

Muir, John. "The Beauties of the Hetch-Hetchy Valley." Federation Bulletin 7, no. 5 (1910): 148-50.

Muir, John. "The Creation of Yosemite National Park." Sierra Club Bulletin 29 (Oct. 1944): 49-60.

Muir, John. "The Hetch-Hetchy Valley: A National Question." American Forestry 16, no. 5 (1910): 263-69.

Muir, John. Our National Parks. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1901.

Muir, John. The Mountains of California. New York: Century Co., 1894.

Muir, John. The Yosemite. New York: The Century Co., 1912.

Olmsted, Frederick Law. "The Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Big Trees: A Preliminary Report, 1865." Landscape Architecture 43 (October 1952).

Olmsted, Frederick Law. The Reports of Frederick Law Olmsted to the California State Park Commission, 1945-1950. Edited by Frederick A. Meyer. Sacramento: California Dept. of Parks and Recreation, 1990.

Ranney, Victoria Post, ed. The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted. Vol. V: The California Frontier, 1863-1865. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

Reid, Leonard, ed. A Treasury of the Sierra Nevada. Berkeley, CA: Wilderness Press, 1983.

Solnit, Rebecca. Savage Dreams: A Journey into the Hidden Wars of the American West. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994.

Solomons, Theodore S. "An Ascent of Cathedral Peak." Sierra Club Bulletin 3, no. 3 (February 1901): 236-40.

Whitney, Josiah D. The Yosemite Book; a Description of the Yosemite Valley and the Adjacent Region of the Sierra Nevada, and of the Big Trees of California. New York: Geological Survey of California, 1868.

Zierold, John H. Environmental Lobbyist in Californiaís Capital, 1965-1984; An Interview Conducted by Ann Lage. Berkeley and San Francisco: Regional Oral History Office and Sierra Club, 1988.


"A Century of Environmental Action: The Sierra Club, 1892-1992." California History (Summer 1992).

Allin, Craig W. The Politics of Wilderness Preservation. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Bailin, Michael A. The California Conservation Corps: A Case Study, Working Paper. Philadelphia: Public/Private Ventures, The State Youth Initiatives Project, 1982.

Baldwin, Donald N. The Quiet Revolution: Grass Roots of Todayís Wilderness Preservation Movement. Boulder, CO: Pruett Publishing Co., 1972.

Beveridge, Charles E., and Paul Rocheleau. Frederick Law Olmsted: Designing the American Landscape. Edited by David Larkin. New York: Rizzoli, 1995.

Blodgett, Peter J. "Visiting "The Realm of Wonder": Yosemite and the Business of Tourism, 1855-1916." California History 69, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 118-33.

Clary, Raymond H. The Making of Golden Gate Park: The Early Years, 1865-1906. San Francisco: California Living Books, 1980.

Clements, Kendrick A. "Engineers and Conservationists in the Progressive Era." California History 58, no. 4 (1979-80): 282-303.

Clements, Kendrick A. "Politics and the Park: San Franciscoís Fight for Hetch Hetchy, 1908-1913." Pacific Historical Review 48 (1979): 185-215.

Cohen, Michael P. The History of the Sierra Club, 1892-1970. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1988.

Cohen, Michael P. The Pathless Way: John Muir and American Wilderness. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.

Dasmann, Raymond F. Californiaís Changing Environment. San Francisco: Boyd & Fraser, 1981.

De Voto, Bernard. "Conservation: Down and on the Way Out." Harperís Monthly 209 (Aug. 1954): 66-74.

Devall, Bill. "David Brower." Environmental Review 9, no. 3 (1985): 238-53.

Devall, Bill. "Muir Redux: From Conservation to Ecology, 1890-1990." Humboldt Journal of Social Relations 9 (1982): 172-97.

Dilsaver, Lary M. "Conservation Conflict and the Founding of Kings Canyon National Park." California History 69, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 196-206.

Dilsaver, Lary M., and William C. Tweed. Challenge of the Big Trees: A Resource History of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Three Rivers, CA: Sequoia National History Association, 1990.

Douglas, William O., and Joseph W. Meeker, ed. "Natureís Constitutional Rights." North American Review 258, no. 1 (1973): 11-14.

Engebeck, Joseph H. State Parks of California from 1864 to the Present. Portland: Charles H. Belding and Graphic Arts Center Publishing Co., 1980.

Farquhar, Francis P. History of the Sierra Nevada. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966.

Fox, Stephen. John Muir and His Legacy: The American Conservation Movement. Boston: Little Brown, 1981.

Gilliam, Harold. Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Bay: The Struggle to Save San Francisco Bay. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1969.

Grant, Richard A. "The Fight for the California Desert: Conserve or Destroy?" Cry California 8, no. 1 (1972-73): 4-12.

Harper, John L. Mineral King: Public Concern with Government Policy. Arcata, CA: Pacifica Pub. Co., 1982.

Hartzog, George B., Jr. "Clearing the Roads and the Air in Yosemite Valley." National Parks and Conservation Magazine 48, no. 8 (1972): 14-17.

Hays, Samuel P. Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959.

Hays, Samuel. Beauty, Health, and Permanence: Environmental Politics in the United States, 1955-1985. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Hazlett, Thomas W. The California Coastal Commission and the Economics of Environmentalism. Los Angeles: International Institute for Economic Research, 1980.

Holliday, J. S. "The Politics of John Muir." Sierra Club Bulletin 57 (Oct.-Nov. 1972): 10-13.

Huth, Hans. "Yosemite: The Story of an Idea." Sierra Club Bulletin 33, no. (March 1948): 47-78.

Huth, Hans. Nature and the American: Three Centuries of Changing Attitudes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1957.

Hyde, Anne F. "From Stagecoach to Packard Twin Six: Yosemite and the Changing Face of Tourism, 1880-1930." California History 69, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 154-69.

Hyde, Anne F. "Temples and Playgrounds: The Sierra Club in the Wilderness, 1901-1922." California History 66, no. 3 (1987): 208-219.

Ise, John. Our National Park Policy: A Critical History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1961.

Jones, Holway R. "John Muir, The Sierra Club, and the Formulation of the Wilderness Concept." The Pacific Historian (1981).

Jones, Holway R. "Mysterious Origin of the Yosemite Park Bill." Sierra Club Bulletin 48 (Dec. 1963): 69-79.

Jones, Holway R. John Muir and the Sierra Club: The Battle for Yosemite . San Francisco: Sierra Club, 1965.

Lillard, Richard G. "The Siege and Conquest of a National Park." American West 5, no. 1 (1968): 28-32, 67-72.

Lockmann, Ronald F. "Forests and Watershed in the Environmental Philosophy of Theodore P. Lukens." Journal of Forest History 23, no. 2 (1979): 82-91.

Lutrin, Carl E. "The Public and Ecology: The Role of Initiatives in Californiaís Environmental Politics." Western Political Quarterly 28, no. 2 (1975): 352-71.

McHenry, Robert. A Documentary History of Conservation in California. New York: Praeger, 1972.

Mitchell, Lee Clark. Witnesses to a Vanishing America: The Nineteenth Century Response. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Nash, Roderick, ed. The American Environment: Readings in the History of Conservation. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1968.

Nash, Roderick. "John Muir, William Kent, and the Conservation Schism." Pacific Historical Review 36 (November 1967): 423-33.

Nash, Roderick. "The American Invention of National Parks." American Quarterly 22 (Fall 1970): 726-35.

Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. 3rd ed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982.

Odell, Rice. The Saving of San Francisco Bay. Washington, D.C.: The Conservation Foundation, 1972.

Ogden, Kate Nearpass. "Sublime Vistas and Scenic Backdrops: Nineteenth-Century Painters and Photographers of Yosemite." California History 69, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 134-53.

Oravec, Christine. "Conservationism vs. Preservationism: The ëPublic Interestí in the Hetch Hetchy Controversy." Quarterly Journal of Speech 70, no. 4 (1984): 444-58.

Orsi, Richard J. "ëWilderness Saintí and ëRobber Baroní: The Anomalous Partnership of John Muir and the Southern Pacific Company for Preservation of Yosemite National Park." Pacific Historian 29, no. 2-3 (1985): 186-56.

Pavlik, Robert C. "In Harmony with the Landscape: Yosemiteís Built Environment, 1913-1940." California History 69, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 182-95.

Petulla, Joseph. American Environmentalism: Values, Tactics, Priorities, Environmental History Series. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1980.

Pinkett, Harold T. "Sources of American Forest and Conservation History." Journal of Forest History 25 (Oct. 1981): 210-12.

Pomeroy, Earl. In Search of the Golden West: The Tourist in Western America. New York: Knopf, 1957.

Reinhardt, Richard. "The Case of the Hard-Nosed Conservationists." American West 4 (Feb. 1967): 52-.

Richardson, Elmo R. Dams, Parks, and Politics: Resource Development and Preservation in the Truman-Eisenhower Era. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1973.

Richardson, Elmo R. The Politics of Conservation: Crusades and Controversies, 1897-1913. Vol. 70, University of California Publications in History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962.

Richardson, Elmo R. "The Struggle for the Valley: Californiaís Hetch Hetchy Controversy." California Historical Society Quarterly 38 (1959): 249-58.

Ringler, Donald P. "Mary Austin: Kern County Days, 1888-1892." Southern California Quarterly 45, no. 1 (1963): 25-63.

Rothman, Hal K. Americaís National Monuments: The Politics of Preservation. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Runte, Alfred. "Joseph Grinnell and Yosemite: Rediscovering the Legacy of a California Conservationist." California History 69, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 170-81.

Runte, Alfred. National Parks: The American Experience. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979.

Runte, Alfred. Trains of Discovery: Western Railroads and the National Parks. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Press, 1984.

Runte, Alfred. Yosemite: The Embattled Wilderness. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Runte, Richard Orsi and Alfred, ed. Yosemite and Sequoia: A Century of California National Parks. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Russell, Carl P. One Hundred Years in Yosemite. Yosemite National Park: Yosemite Association, 1992 [1959].

Sax, Joseph. Mountains Without Handrails: Reflections on the National Parks. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1980.

Schrepfer, Susan R. The Fight to Save the Redwoods: A History of Environmental Reform, 1917-1978. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983.

Schrepfer, Susan. "Conflict in Preservation: The Sierra Club, Save-the-Redwoods League, and Redwood National Park." Journal of Forest History 24 (April 1980): 60-77.

Schrepfer, Susan. David R. Brower: Environmental Activist, Publicist, and Prophet. Berkeley: Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1980.

Smith, Herbert. John Muir. Vol. 73, Twayneís United States authors series. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1965.

Smith, Michael L. Pacific Visions: California Scientists and the Environment, 1850-1915. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987.

Solnit, Rebecca. "Up the River of Mercy." Sierra 77 (Nov./Dec. 1992): 50-84.

Souder, Jon A., and Sally K. Fairfax. State Trust Lands: History, Management, and Sustainable Use. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Spaulding, Jonathan. "Yosemite and Ansel Adams: Art, Commerce, and Western Tourism." Pacific Historical Review 45 (November 1996): 615-39.

Spence, Mark. "Dispossessing the Wilderness: Yosemite Indians and the National Park Ideal, 1864-1930." Pacific Historical Review 65, no. 1 (February 1996): 27-59.

Stein, Mimi. A Vision Achieved: Fifty Years of East Bay Regional Park District. East Bay Regional District, CA, 1984.

Strong, Douglas H. "The History of Sequoia National Park, 1876-1926; Part I: The Movement to Establish a Park." Southern California Quarterly 48, no. 2 (1966): 137-67.

Strong, Douglas H. "The History of Sequoia National Park, 1876-1926; Part II: The Problems of Early Years." Southern California Quarterly 48, no. 3 (1966): 265-88.

Strong, Douglas H. "The History of Sequoia National Park, 1876-1926; Part III: The Struggle to Enlarge the Park." Southern California Quarterly 48, no. 4 (1966): 369-99.

Strong, Douglas H. Tahoe: An Environmental History. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

Strong, Douglas H. Trees­or Timber? The Story of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Three Rivers, CA: Sequoia Natural History Association, 1968.

Strong, Lary M. Dilsaver and Douglas H. "Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: One Hundred Years of Preservation and Resource Management." California History 69, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 98-117.

Swain, Donald C. Federal Conservation Policy, 1921-1933. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.

Thompson, G. Parks in the West and American Culture. Sun Valley, ID: Institute of the American West, 1984.

Toby, Jacob, and Robert Hermanson. Trees, Parks, and People. San Francisco: Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, 1967.

Vance, James E., Jr. "California and the Search for the Ideal." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 62, no. 2 (1972): 185-210.

Wagner, Frederic H., et al. Wildlife Policies in the U.S. National Parks. Washington, D.C.: Earth Island Press, 1995.

Wharton, James C., and Marilyn Lewis. Legislative History of the California Environmental Quality Act. Livermore, CA: Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, 1976.

Wild, Peter. Pioneer Conservationists of Western America. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Co., 1979.

Wolfe, Linnie Marsh. Son of the Wilderness: The Life of John Muir. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1945.

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Worster, Donald. Natureís Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Zaslowsky, Dyan, and T.H. Watkins. These American Lands: Parks, Wilderness, and the Public Lands. Washington, D.C.: Earth Island Press, 1994.

Ziebarth, Marilyn. "Californiaís First Environmental Battle." California History 63, no. 4 (1984): 274-79.

Zinser, Charles I. Outdoor Recreation: United States National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1995.